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ANSI (American National Standards Institute)
Note: Many topics at this site are reduced versions of the text in "The Encyclopedia of Networking and Telecommunications." Search results will not be as extensive as a search of the book's CD-ROM.
ANSI is an organization that defines coding standards and signaling schemes in the United States and represents the United States in the ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and within the ITU (International Telecommunication Union). ANSI was a founding member of the ISO and plays an active role in its governing. It is one of five permanent members to the governing ISO Council. ANSI promotes the use of U.S. standards internationally, advocates U.S. policy and technical positions in international and regional standards organizations, and encourages the adoption of international standards as national standards where these meet the needs of the user community.
According to ANSI, "it does not itself develop ANSs (American National Standards); rather it facilitates development by establishing consensus among qualified groups. The Institute ensures that its guiding principles-consensus, due process and openness-are followed by the more than 175 distinct entities currently accredited by the Federation." The U.S. standards are presented to international standards organizations by ANSI, where they may be adopted in whole or in part as international standards. Volunteers from industry and government carry out much of the technical work, so the success of ANSI's work largely depends on the amount of participation by U.S. industry and U.S. government.
Here are some well-known ANSI standards:
Note that the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) has conforming standards in some cases.
Copyright (c) 2001 Tom Sheldon and Big Sur Multimedia.